Atlantic City (Atlantic City) is a vacation town in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. It is known for its boardwalk (Promenade), beaches and casinos, and is the largest casino on the East Coast. In 2010, there were 39,558 people in the cities. Founded on May 1, 1854, the city is adjacent to Absiken, Briggentyne, Pleasant Terville, Wenteno, Egg Harbor and the Atlantic Ocean.
Atlantic City Skyline from the 47th floor of Ocean Casino Resort
|Nickname: World famous amusement parks|
|Motto: Do AC|
|founding year||May 1, 1854|
|· mayor||Don Guardian|
|· Total||44.9 Square kilometers (17.4 square miles)|
|· land||38.9 Square kilometers (11.4 square miles)|
|· water||15.5 Square kilometers (6.0) square miles)|
|· Total||39,958 people|
|· density||1,378.3 person/square kilometer (3,569.8 person/square mile)|
|time zone||North American Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5)|
|· Xia Shi||EDT(UTC-4)|
Atlantic City inspired the US version of the board game "property tycoon", especially street names. Since 1921, Atlantic City has been home to the Miss American contest. In 1976, voters in New Jersey legalized casinos in Atlantic City. The first casino opened in two years.
Located in South Jersey, close to the Atlantic Ocean between the marshlands and islands, Atlantic City is considered by developers as a major property and a potential vacation town. In 1853, the first business hotel, Belloe House, was built at the intersection of Massachusetts and Atlantic Street.
The city was founded in 1854 and the same year that railway service for Kenton and the Atlantic began. It's built on the edge of the Gulf, and it's directly linked to the remote land of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. That same year, the idea of the Absicken light house, designed by George Mead, a team of geological engineers, was approved and work began next year. By 1874, nearly 500,000 passengers a year were arriving by rail in Atlantic City. In the book Boardwalk Empire: The Birth, High Times, and Corruption of Atlantic City," Nelson Johnson, the "Godfather of Atlantic City," describes the inspiration for Dr. Jonathan Pitney, the father of Atlantic City, to develop Atlantic City as a recuperation resort. Pitney's efforts to persuade the city to build a railway to the beach would be beneficial. He and Samuel Richards, then an entrepreneur and the most influential family member in the southern state of New Jersey, succeeded in building the railway, while the first 600 passengers experience "carefully selected by Samuel Richards and Jonathan Pitney:
- "Upon arrival in Atlantic City, the second train took visitors to the gate of the resort's first public boarding, the United States Hotel. The hotel is owned by the railway. This is a four-story, sprawling building that can accommodate 2,000 guests. It was open while it was still under construction, with only one single wing standing and not even completed. By the end of the year, the American hotel was not only the first hotel in Atlantic City, but also the largest hotel in the country. It has more than 600 rooms in total, covering about 14 acres."
The first Boardwalk, built in 1870, was part of the beach to help hotel owners prevent sand from entering their lobby. At the end of the peak season each year, business is limited and the wooden roads are torn down. Due to the effectiveness and popularity of the board roads, the length and width of the board roads were enlarged and modified several times in the following years. Before the devastating 1944 Atlantic hurricane, the historic length of the Boardwalk was about 7 miles (11 km) and extended from Atlantic City to Longport, through the cities of Ventenor and Margot.
The first road linking the city of Pleasantville to the mainland was completed in 1870 with a 30-point toll. Albany is the first toll-free road to the mainland.
By 1878, a railway line had been unable to keep up with strong demands as cities became more popular. Soon, the Philadelphia and Atlantic City railways were built to transport tourists to Atlantic City. At this point, big hotels like American hotels and Surf House, as well as small apartments, are growing rapidly across the town. The American Hotel occupies a full city block between the Atlantic, Pacific, Delaware and Maryland streets. The hotels are not only impressive in scale, they also offer the latest amenities and are considered rather luxurious.
In the early 20th century, Atlantic City experienced a complete construction boom. Many of the simple boarding houses scattered on the boardwalk were replaced by large hotels. The two cities' most distinctive hotels are the Marboro-Brunheim and the Remoore.
In 1903, Josiah White III bought a piece of land next to Ohio Avenue and Boardwalk and built the Queen Anne-style Marlboro Tower. Popular, he chose to expand the hotel from 1905 to 1906 and bought another piece of land next to the Marboro Building. To make his new hotel a source of conversation, White hired Price and McLanahan's construction company. The company used a new building material, reinforced concrete, invented in 1848 by Jean-Louis Lambot (patented in 1867 by Joseph Monier). The hotel's Spanish and Moorish themes, its iconic dome and chimney, represent a step forward for other classically designed hotels. White named the new hotel Blenheim and incorporated the two into the Marlborough-Blenheim. Bally's Atlantic City was later built in this location.
The Remoore hotel is on the corner of Illinois Avenue and Boardwalk. When it opened in 1879, it was a small boarding house that grew through a series of uncoordinated expansions. By 1914, Daniel White, the owner of the hotel, had received a hint from the Malboro-Brunheim Hotel that it had commissioned Price and McLanahan to build a larger hotel. The hotel, which is upgraded to a 16-story, tan brick and gold roof, is one of the city's most famous landmarks. It stretches its wings farther from the main part of the hotel along Pacific Avenue for ocean-facing hotel rooms.
One place, additional large hotels were built along the boardwalk, including Brighton, Chelsea, Shelburne, Ambassador, Ritz Carlton, Mayflower, Madison House and Breakers. The Chalfonte House, owned by Quaker, opened in 1868, and the Haddon House, opened in 1869, on the side of North Carolina Avenue at the end of the beach. Over the years, their original wooden-framed buildings will be expanded and even moved to the beach. The modern Chalvent Hotel, eight stories tall, opened in 1904. The modern Hatton Hall was built in 1929 and has 11 floors. So far, they have been under the same ownership and merged into the Charfront-Hatton Hall Hotel, the city's largest hotel with nearly 1,000 rooms. By 1930, the Claridge, the last big hotel in the city, opened. The 400-room Claridge is built by a partnership, including the famous Philadelphia contractor John McShane. The hotel is on the 24th floor, known as the Skyline By The Sea. The city is called The World's Playground.
In 1883, David Bradley conceived the idea of saltwater taffy in Atlantic City. Bradley's shops were rumored to have been submerged after the storm, and his toffee was soaked in salty Atlantic waters. He sold some "saltwater taffy" to a girl who proudly walked onto the beach to show her friends taffy. Bradley's mother was behind the store when the sale was concluded, and she liked the name, so saltwater taffy was born.
Tourism peaked in the 1920s, and many historians saw it as the golden age of Atlantic City. During the prohibition period, many wines were burned throughout the country in 1919 and continued until 1933, while gambling was often conducted in nightclubs and in the backrooms of restaurants. It was during the prohibition that the power of the con-seller and political boss Inu L Nucky Johnson rose. The ban was largely unenforced in Atlantic City, where alcohol was smuggled into the city by local officials, easily available in restaurants and other businesses, and resort popularity is growing. The city then called itself the "world playground". Nucky Johnson earns as much as $500,000 a year from kickbacks for illegal brewing, gambling and prostitution in the city, as well as construction projects.
During this time, Atlantic City was governed by Mayor Edward L. Bard, who was known for his contributions to Atlantic City's architecture, sports and aviation. Despite the opposition of many others, he bought the land that became the city's municipal airport and high school football stadium, both of which were later named Bader Field to pay tribute. In 1923, he launched the Atlantic City High School at Albany and Atlantic Avenue. In November 1923, during the general election, Mr. Bader held a referendum, when residents approved the construction of the conference center. The city adopted a decree approving a $1.5m bond issue for the purchase of land for the Conference Hall, now known as the Marina Avenue Convention Center, which was put into effect on September 30, 1924. Bud was also the driving force behind Miss American.
From May 13 to May 16, 1929, Johnson hosted a conference for organized crime figures across the United States. The meeting was convened by Marseriya deputy Charlie Lucino and former Chicago South Gang boss Johnny Torrio, together with Bisbee and Mayr leaders Maier Lansky and Benjamin Siegel, who were used as handshakes.
The 1930s and 1960s were the heyday of nightclub entertainment. Popular sites in the south where whites live include 500 Club, Clicquot Club and Jockey Club. In the north, it's the home of African americans, and the black entertainment district of this segregated city is full of Kentucky. The four major nightclubs - Club Harlem, Paradise Club, Grace's Little Belmont and Wonder Gardens - all attracted black and white customers. Jazz and R&B music can be heard in the early hours of the morning during summer travel. The Soul food restaurant and row shop are also located on Kentucky Avenue, including Wash's Restaurant, Jerry's and Sap's, etc.
Decline and recovery
Like many of the old East Coast cities after World War II, Atlantic City was mired in poverty, crime, corruption and general recession in the mid and late 20th century. The neighborhood known as Inlet has become particularly poor. There are many reasons why the resort is in decline. First, many Americans have more access to cars after the war. Atlantic City originally relied on trains to bring tourists here and stay for weeks. The car allows them to come and leave as they want, while many spend only days rather than weeks. The emergence of the suburbs also played an important role. As many families move to their own private homes, such as home air conditioning and luxury items like swimming pools, their interest in luxury beach resorts in the hot summer is diminished. But perhaps the biggest factor in Atlantic City's decline has been the availability of cheap, fast jet services to other important resorts, such as Miami Beach and the Bahamas.
The city hosted the 1964 Democratic National Convention, nominating Lyndon Jensen as president and Hubert Humphrey as vice president. It produced conferences and news reports, creating a harsh look at Atlantic City during a long recession. Many believe Jason's friendship with New Jersey Governor Richard J. Hughes has led Atlantic City to host the Democratic convention.
By the late 1960s, many of the resorts' great hotels were suffering from awkward vacancy rates. Most of them closed down, switched to low-cost apartments or to nursing homes at the end of the decade. Many of these hotels were demolished before and during legal gambling. The Breakers, the Chelsea, the Brighton, the Shelburne, the Mayflower, Remoore and Marboro-Brunheim were all demolished in the 1970s and 1980s. Many former casino resorts close to the boardwalk will only survive if the Claridge, the Dennis, Ritz Carlton and Haddon Hall become part of Bally's Atlantic City and Resorts Atlantic City. The old Ambassador Hotel was bought by Ramada in 1978 and destroyed inside to become Tropicana Casino & Resort Atlantic City, using only the original steel structure. Smaller hotels off the boardwalk, such as Madison, have survived.
In an attempt to revive the city, voters in New Jersey voted in 1976 to approve casino gambling in Atlantic City, after the 1974 referendum on legal gambling failed. Once the legislation was passed, the owner of the Charlfonte-Hatton Hotel immediately converted it into Resorts International. This is the first legal casino in the East of the United States on May 26, 1978. Other casinos were soon built along the boardwalk, and now there are 11 in the small dock area. But the introduction of gambling has not quickly eliminated many of the city's problems. Many believe that this will only exacerbate these problems, as in tourism-intensive areas and working-class communities close to poverty. Moreover, Atlantic City is not as popular as a US gambling city like Las Vegas. When Lao Trump helped the city bring famous boxing matches to attract clients to his casino. Boxer Mike Tyson had many games in Atlantic City in the 1980s, helping Atlantic City gain national attention as a gambling destination. Many high rise apartment buildings are constructed as permanent or used as second-hand housing. By the end of the decade, Atlantic City was one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States.
According to United States population statistics, the city's total area is 44.9 square kilometers (17.4 square miles), of which 29.4 square kilometers (11.4 square miles) are on land and 15.5 square kilometers (6.0 square miles) are in waters.
Atlantic City itself belongs to the continental humid climate, but is very close to the dividing line between the continental humid climate and the subtropical humid climate. The city has less snow in winter than in northern New Jersey or the inner islands; In summer, the Atlantic City is cooler than the inner islands because of the wind.
The winter is cold, slightly moistuous, sometimes cold, the daily maximum temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F) the average day is 8.4 days, the daily minimum temperature is below -10 °C (14 °F) the average day is 3.4 days; The summer is relatively hot and humid, with a daily maximum temperature of more than 30 °C (86 °F) for only 17 days, and temperatures above 35 °C (95 °F) are rare. The coldest month (January) was 1.9 °C (35.5 °F) with an extreme minimum temperature of -23 °C (-9 °F) (February 9, 1934). The hottest month (July) was 24.2 °C (75.6 °F) and the highest extreme temperature was 40 °C (104 °F) (August 7, 1918). The annual average precipitation is about 1,020 mm (40.0 inches) and the annual average snowfall (for airports) is 42 cm (16.5 inches), but the annual snowfall varies significantly; Snow fell the least in 1972-73, accumulating only 1.0 cm (0.4 inches) and 148 cm (58.1 inches) in 2009-10. The average frost-free period was 239 days (26 March to 19 November); The average duration of measured snowfall is from December 21 to March 8.
|Climate average data for the Atlantic City Center (1981-2010 normal, 1874 to date extreme data)|
|Highest historical temperature at°C (°F)||22 |
|Average high temperature () (°F)||5.4 |
|Average low temperatureat°C (°F)||-1.6 |
|Historical Lowest Temperature at°C (°F)||-20 |
|Average precipitation of mm (in.) Average precipitation of 100,0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000||78.2 |
|Average snowfall ofcm (in)||11.4 |
|Average Precipitation Days (≥ 0.01 in)Average Precipitation Days||9.3||9.0||10.5||10.9||10.4||8.7||8.4||8.0||7.7||7.6||8.9||10.4||109.8|
|Average snowfall days (≥ 0.1 in)||2.9||2.8||0.9||0.3||0||0||0||0||0||0||0.1||1.7||8.7|
|Average relative humidity(%)||69.5||69.0||66.9||66.4||70.7||72.9||73.9||75.7||76.4||74.8||72.8||70.6||71.6|
|Average daily daylight hours per month||150.8||157.9||204.5||218.9||243.9||266.2||276.3||271.3||227.6||200.5||147.4||133.8||2,499.1|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990 relative humidity and sunlight; Normal snowfall at Atlantic City International Airport)|
According to the 2000 US census, Atlantic City has 40,517 people and its ethnic composition is: Black 44.16%, white 26.68% and Asian 10.40%.
Arts and culture
The Wine Scene
In 2010, the HBO US cable show Boardwalk Empire was set in the no-alcohol Atlantic City, giving the city a new perspective. Starring Steve Busme, it's based on Nelson Johnson's book Boardwalk Empire: The Birth, High Times and Corruption of Atlantic City," about the historical criminal leader Inu Nucky Johnson (renamed Inu Thompson in a television series). The show was filmed in several locations in New York City, depicting the buildings of the 1920s Atlantic City and setting up its wooden roads.
The Atlantic City News produced a 45-minute documentary, Boss of the Boardwalk, which was broadcast on NBC TV-40 on August 21, 2010 and was broadcast six times in the following weeks around the same time it was first aired in September 2010.
Interest in roaring Atlantic City in the 1920s has also grown since the debut of "The Wine Business." In October 2010, there was a plan to refurbish a struggling resort casino hotel into a roaring 20s theme. Dennis Gomes, the current owner, proposed a brand renewal and began implementation in December 2010. The changes highlight the resort's existing decorative art design, as well as new 20s uniforms for staff and music from that era. The casino has also introduced drinks and nostalgia shows. Nucky Johnson's actual building is the Atlantic City Ritz-Carlton.
In 2011, college buses began a streetcar ride called Nucky's Way, a tour bus with actors playing Nucky and others circling the city. After the US tram company began its weekly tour of Atlantic City in early June 2011, with the theme of the roaring 20s, Nooki Road was the second tram ride to take advantage of The Affair.
On August 1, 2011, the model facade of the "The Wine Affair" scene was unveiled on an empty waterfront boulevard in front of the former Trump World Expo resort. The facade, made of vinyl plastic, was the idea of long-running radio host Pinkie Kravitz, a columnist for The Atlantic City News and host of NBC40's WMGM Presents Pinky.
The Atlantic City school district includes eight primary schools.
Atlantic City International Airport is 9 miles northwest of Atlantic City (14 kilometers) in Egg Harbor Town. Many travelers also choose to leave from Philadelphia International Airport or Newark Liberty International Airport.
- Zhanjiang (People's Republic of China)
overlook the city
City Night View
Absecon Light house
- Census data for Atlantic City Page Archive Backup, available in the Internet Archive, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 8, 2007.
- History of Atlantic City. cityofatlanticcity.org. (Original archived in 2013-07-03) (English).
- Thomas R. Winpenny, The engineer as promoter : Richerd B. Osborne, The Camden and Atlantic Railroad, and the creation of Atlantic City Page Archive Backup, Available in the Internet Archive, Essays in Economic and Business History, 2004
- Robert Strauss. Judge Nelson Johnson: Atlantic City's Godfather. New Jersey Monthly. 2010-08-16 (English).
- Cunningham, John T. [=https://books.google.com/books?id=rMk1LTo9wYcC&pg=PA241 This is New Jersey], p. 241. Rutgers University Press, 1994. ISBN 9780813521411. Accessed October 15, 2015.
- Johnson, Nelson. Boardwalk Empire: The Birth, High Times, and Corruption of Atlantic City. Foreword by Terence Winter. Medford, New Jersey: Plexus Publishing, Inc. 2010: 30.
- Atlantic City Boardwalk: A Stroll On the Wooden Way is Steeped in History. atlanticcitynj.com (English).
- David Schwartz. Storm of the Century. Casino Connection AC. [2017-08-12]. (Original archived in 2012-11-01) (English).
- Taffy Madness. AtlanticCityNJ.com (English).
- Nucky's Empire: The Prohibition Years - Prohibition in a Wide Open Town. Atlantic City Experience. [2017-07-16]. (Original archived in 2011-09-04) (English).
- ENOCH L. JOHNSON, EX-BOSS IN JERSEY - Prohibition-Era Ruler of Atlantic City, 85, Dies. The New York Times. 1968-12-10 [2017-07-16]. (Original archived in 2017-02-21) (English).
- History of Events at Atlantic City Boardwalk Hall. Boardwalk Hall. (Original archived in 2014-07-30) (English).
- Atlantic City's Bader beloved for good reason. The Press of Atlantic City. 2010-11-18 [2017-07-16]. (Original archived in 2010-12-09) (English).
- Wash's Restaurant. Atlantic City Experience. [2017-07-16]. (Original archived in 2018-08-20) (English).
- NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [2014-05-03]. (Original archived in 2014-11-27) (English).
- Station Name: NJ ATLANTIC CITY. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [March 30, 2013]. (Original archived in 2017-05-25) (English).
- Station Name: NJ ATLANTIC CITY INTL AP. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [2014-03-14] (English).
- WMO Climate Normals for ATLANTIC CITY, NJ 1961-1990. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [2014-03-11] (English).
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930-1990 Page Archive Backup, Available in the Internet Archive, accessed March 1, 2007.
- Wm. C. Hunt, Chief Statistician for Population. Fourteenth Census of The United States: 1920; Population: New Jersey; Number of inhabitants, by counties and minor civil divisions (ZIP). U.S. Census Bureau. [2007-03-21].
- Cristina Kinon. NY is center of the world for 'Boardwalk Empire' . New York Daily News. 2010-09-08 (English).
- Scott Cronick. Press documentary 'Boss of the Boardwalk' chronicles the life and times of Nucky Johnson. The Press of Atlantic City. 2010-08-20 (English).
- Resorts Atlantic City to adopt 1920s theme in nod to 'Boardwalk Empire' . NJ.com. 2010-10-07 (English).
- Jim Waltzer. The Ritz: Where Nucky Lay His Head. Atlantic City Weekly. 2010-11-10 (English).
- Elaine Rose. Academy Bus Co. launches 'Nucky's Way,' an Atlantic City trolley tour where 'Nucky' Johnson is your guide. The Press of Atlantic City. 2011-06-30 (English).
- Derek Harper. ' Boardwalk Empire' facade unveiled on Atlantic City Boardwalk to hundreds of spectators. The Press of Atlantic City. 2011-08-01 (English).
|Related multimedia resources in Wikimedia Commons: Atlantic City|
- Atlantic City Regional Chamber of Commerce
- Maps and Aerial Images (English)